Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is the process of using pressurized liquid to crack rock deep underground so previously inaccessible hydrocarbons, such as natural gas, can be extracted. This technique calls for several million gallons of water mixed with sand and toxic chemicals to be injected at high pressure into a well to create fractures deep underground. These cracks form conduits along which natural gas, petroleum and fracking fluids migrate into the well for extraction. More than a million U.S. fracking operations have already been undertaken. Proponents point to the benefits of home-produced energy such as jobs, improved national security and reduced air pollution from this cleaner-burning fuel. Opponents point to the adverse environmental impacts of fracking including contamination of ground water, depletion of fresh water, and toxic waste water disposal. It is estimated that our fracking operations produced 280 billion gallons of wastewater in 2012 â€“or enough to flood all of Washington, D.C. in a 22-foot deep toxic lagoon. Health advocates warn of the likelihood of carcinogenic chemicals being used in the fracking process, but this industry has refused to disclose which chemicals it pumps into fracking wells. This refusal goes unchallenged because the Bush administration granted exceptions for fracking chemicals in the protections provided by the 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act. Fracking opponents also warn of the risks to air quality and climate change due to significant methane releases during the fracking process. Advocates claim natural gas is not a bridge to a clean energy future because methane, the main component of natural gas, is 72 times more potent than carbon dioxide in causing climate change. Methane leakage from fracking wells could negate the benefits of lower carbon emissions that come from burning natural gas. Advocates caution that fracking will increase overall emissions since cheap natural gas encourages more energy use and slows the development of renewable fuel technology. New research also suggests these oil and gas drilling operations may cause small on-site earthquakes as well as make local fault zones sensitive to shock waves from large distant quakes. A recent study found that a strong earthquake which occurs halfway around the world can set off small to moderate quakes near fracking operations.
S.1135 & H.R.1921 – FRAC Act To amend the Safe Drinking Water Act to repeal a certain exemption for hydraulic fracturing, and for other purposes
S.1234 & H.R.2513 – Fracturing Regulations are Effective in State Hands Act
I oppose reforming current fracking policy and wish to defeat H.R.1135 & H.R.1921 and S.1234 & H.R.2513
I support amending the Safe Drinking Water Act to repeal the exemption from restrictions on underground injection of fluids or propping agents granted to hydraulic fracturing operations relating to oil and natural gas production activities under such Act; requiring disclosure of the chemicals and proppants intended for use in underground injections before the commencement of such operations and the chemicals used after the end of such operations, and wish to identify a legislator who will either reintroduce S.1135 or H.R.1921 – FRAC Act To amend the Safe Drinking Water Act to repeal a certain exemption for hydraulic fracturing, and for other purposes (113th Congress 2013-2014), or a similar version thereof
I support removing federal jurisdiction over fracking operations and allowing states to have the sole authority to promulgate or enforce any regulation, guidance or permit requirement regarding the treatment of a well by the application of fluids under pressure to which propping agents may be added for the expressly designed purpose of initiating or propagating fractures in a target geologic formation in order to enhance production of oil, natural gas, or geothermal production activities, and wish to identify a legislator who will either reintroduce S.1234 or H.R.2513 – Fracturing Regulations are Effective in State Hands Act (113th Congress 2013-2014), or a similar version thereof