Jan 152015
 

Affirmative action programs were created in 1965 to redress the effects of past discrimination. Under these programs minorities, particularly African Americans and women, were given preferential treatment in securing school placement, jobs, promotions and business contracts. The intent of affirmative action programs was also to increase representation of minorities and women in occupations that traditionally had been unavailable to them. However, the racial quotas which were used to insure that minorities were getting good jobs and into good schools were found unconstitutional after complaints of reverse discrimination. Critics claim affirmative action is unconstitutional and has already attained its goals. Supporters claim that without a means to compensate for racial, cultural and economic prejudices, minorities will loose hard-fought representations in our schools, work place and society. Recent public opinion polls show that 75% of Americans oppose affirmative action in college admissions but 68% of Americans favor the principles behind affirmative action. It also found that 82% of African Americans want to retain affirmative action programs compared to 68% of Hispanics and 34% of Whites. Recent Supreme Court rulings on the legality of school quotas did not overturn affirmative action. Rather, it said universities must first consider non-race based plans to include minorities at their schools and added that affirmative action plans could only be used as a last resort to diversify a student body.

Pending Legislation: None

I oppose reforming current affirmative action policy

I support identifying a legislator who will sponsor a bill to prohibit affirmative action programs

I support identifying a legislator who will sponsor a bill to promote affirmative action programs

 Posted by at 12:00 am
Jan 152015
 

The 1968 Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination on the sale, rental and financing of housing based on race, religion or national origin. Later, laws prohibiting discrimination based on gender, those with disabilities and families with children were added. The Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity is charged with enforcing fair housing laws. It is estimated there are about 4 million cases of housing discrimination each year. Despite legal measures to protect all Americans from housing discrimination, the most commonly targeted victims are still African Americans. Redlining is still prevalent in many areas even though it has been outlawed. Studies have found that minorities who apply for mortgages are three times more likely to be rejected than similarly-qualified Caucasians.

Pending legislation:

H.R.285 – Housing Fairness Act of 2013

I oppose reforming current housing discrimination policy and wish to defeat H.R.285

I support directing the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to conduct a nationwide testing program to: detect and document differences in the treatment of persons seeking to rent or purchase housing or obtain or refinance a home mortgage loan; measure patterns of adverse treatment because of the race, color, religion, sex, familial status, disability status, or national origin of a renter, home buyer, or borrower; and measure the prevalence of such discriminatory practices across housing and mortgage lending markets; directing the Secretary to implement a competitive matching grant program to assist public and private nonprofit organizations in: conducting comprehensive studies of the causes and effects of housing discrimination and segregation on education, poverty, and economic development or on veterans and military personnel; and implementing pilot projects that test solutions to help prevent or alleviate housing discrimination and segregation, and wish to pass H.R.285

 Posted by at 12:00 am
Jan 152015
 

People have long proposed paying reparations to the descendants of American slaves. This plan is similar to agreements that have paid settlements to Holocaust survivors, American Indians and Japanese Americans imprisoned during the war. It has been suggested the amount of reparations for a two-adult African American family should be about $35,000. Some people have suggested reparations should be used to promote African American businesses or establish scholarship funds for descendants of slaves rather than paid as individual cash benefits. Reparation supporters claim our government owes a debt to African Americas because slavery was protected by our Constitution and slave labor was used in the construction of our nation. Several American cities have passed resolutions supporting slavery reparations. Opponents say any reparations that were due these decedents have already been paid by our Civil War and 30 years of affirmative action programs. They also claim there is no way to know who is eligible to receive benefits from possible reparations since not all African Americans are decedents of former slaves.

Pending Legislation:

H.R.40 – Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act

I oppose reforming current slavery reparations policy and wish to defeat H.R.40

I support establishing the Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African Americans to examine slavery and discrimination in the colonies and the United States from 1619 to the present and recommend appropriate remedies, and wish to pass H.R.40

 Posted by at 12:00 am