Affirmative action programs were created in 1965 to redress the effects of past discrimination. Under these programs minorities, particularly African Americans and women, were given preferential treatment in securing school placement, jobs, promotions and business contracts. The intent of affirmative action programs was also to increase representation of minorities and women in occupations that traditionally had been unavailable to them. However, the racial quotas which were used to insure that minorities were getting good jobs and into good schools were found unconstitutional after complaints of reverse discrimination. Critics claim affirmative action is unconstitutional and has already attained its goals. Supporters claim that without a means to compensate for racial, cultural and economic prejudices, minorities will loose hard-fought representations in our schools, work place and society. Recent public opinion polls show that 75% of Americans oppose affirmative action in college admissions but 68% of Americans favor the principles behind affirmative action. It also found that 82% of African Americans want to retain affirmative action programs compared to 68% of Hispanics and 34% of Whites. Recent Supreme Court rulings on the legality of school quotas did not overturn affirmative action. Rather, it said universities must first consider non-race based plans to include minorities at their schools and added that affirmative action plans could only be used as a last resort to diversify a student body.
Pending Legislation: None
I oppose reforming current affirmative action policy
I support identifying a legislator who will sponsor a bill to prohibit affirmative action programs
I support identifying a legislator who will sponsor a bill to promote affirmative action programs