Malaria, caused by parasites transmitted to humans by mosquitoes, threatens 3.3 billion people in 106 countries â€“ nearly half the worldâ€™s population. Efforts to eradicate this disease during the past 10 years have been very successful in many places. However, there are still about 220 million malaria cases and 1.2 million malaria deaths each year, mainly women and also children under the age of 5. Young Children, handicapped by undeveloped immune systems, account for about 60% of all malaria deaths. Pregnancy also reduces a womanâ€™s immunity to malaria. The threat from this disease is greatest in Sub-Saharan Africa where about 700,000 people die from this parasite each year. Studies have shown that malaria is linked to nearly 25% of all childhood deaths in Africa.
Tuberculosis is a potentially fatal disease that typically attacks a personâ€™s lungs and is often spread through the air when infected people cough or sneeze. One third of the world’s population is thought to have been infected with tuberculosis at some time, with new infections occurring in about 1% of the population each year. About 80% of the population in most Asian and African countries test positive in tuberculin tests -used to determine past or present infection with the tuberculosis bacterium- compared to an incidence of 5%-10% in our population. There are nearly 9 million new tuberculosis cases and 1.5 million TB deaths each year, mostly in developing nations. Many people in these countries have compromised immune systems due to HIV and AIDS infections.
Some advocates claim the effects of global poverty are as bad as any disease. Of the 7 billion people living today, it is estimated that about 1.5 billion people live on $1.25/day, and nearly 3 billion live on less than 2.00/day. About 20% of those living in extreme poverty live in Asia. However, before Chinaâ€™s spectacular 20-year economic boom, Asia had been home to 30% of the Worldâ€™s poor. About 40% of the poorest of the poor reside in Africa. Advocates say this nation must receive more help to prevent it from being left behind in the worldâ€™s economy.
H.R.1793: Global Partnerships Act of 2013
I oppose reforming current disease and poverty policy and wish to defeat H.R.1793
I support setting forth provisions regarding global poverty and related matters, including: reduction of global poverty; acceleration of economic growth; micro enterprise and small and medium enterprise assistance; food security; child survival and maternal health; combating disease; family planning and reproductive health; education; the environment; safe water, sanitation, and housing; gender equality; democratic governance; and humanitarian and disaster assistance among others, and wish to pass H.R.1793